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A vitrectomy is a micro-incisional outpatient surgery performed under anesthesia.

The procedure involves the removal of the vitreous humor gel. This gel fills the eye cavity, and during surgery it is removed to allow the surgeon access to the retina to aid in retinal repairs or remove any intrusive vitreous issues. A mixture of gas, air, saline solution, or silicone oil then replaces the vitreous humor to ensure the integrity of the retina or macula.

Following the procedure, the doctor will discuss what to expect during recovery, when to schedule a follow-up appointment, and when to resume normal activities.